Preparing Your Child In The First Years Of Life

Preparing Your Child in the First Years of Life | Bangkok Hospital

Ways to Enhance Children’s Development and Dental Health

Your relationship with your child is one of the most important influences on your child’s learning and development. Development is how your child grows physically and emotionally and learns to communicate, think and socialize. Moreover, oral hygiene and dental health are also important. As impaired physical appearance due to dental disease can further limit children’s ability to socialize with confidence and develop social norms and relationships.

Child’s Development 

The early years of a child’s life are very important for his or her health and development. Healthy development means that children are able to grow up where their social, emotional and educational needs are met. Among children of the same age, there is a range of what is normal in the way they develop socially, emotionally, intellectually and physically. There are 4 areas of child development.

  1. Physical development – the process by which a child’s body grows and acquires movement, including fine and gross motor skills (kicking a ball, riding a bicycle, picking up small objects with thumb and index finger, etc.)
  2. Cognitive development – the construction of thought processes, including remembering, problem solving, and decision-making (the ability to picture, remember, understand, and replicate objects in their minds)
  3. Emotional development – the ability to recognize, understand, express and manage a wide range of feelings (angry, jealous, worry, please, aggression, etc.)
  4. Social development – the ability to do more things for his/herself (taking a bath, dressing, putting on shoes), interact with others, and sharing things
  5. Development Milestones For 1-4 Years

    • 1 year – Says mommy and daddy, tries to say words you say, repeat sounds
    • 1 year and 3 months – point to body parts when you name them, drink from a cup
    • 1 year and 6 months – walk alone, point to show what he/she wants, can follow simple commands
    • 1 year and 8 months – say sentences with 2-3 words, say what he/she wants, talk back to you
    • 2 years – know names of familiar people and things, eat by him/herself
    • 2 years and 6 months – start asking, brush teeth, mimic what others do
    • 3 years – says first name, age, and sex, know give and take, can wait for something
    • 4 years – start asking why, take turns in games, can tell the sizes (big/small, long/short)

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